India celebrates National Youth Day on 12 January on Swami Vivekananda’s birth anniversary, also called Swami Vivekananda Jayanti since 1985.This day is celebrated to inspire and encourage the youth to embark on a successful journey.
According to UNESCO, “Youth” is best understood as a period of transition from the dependence of childhood to adulthood’s independence and awareness of our interdependence as members of a community. Youth is a more fluid category than a fixed age-group. However, age is the easiest way to define this group, particularly in relation to education and employment.
India is a developing country and around 50% of its population is under the age of 25. According to the UN report, India has the largest youth population in the world. So skill development becomes very important. It is a process in which youth of India is enabled and mobilized in a large number to take up outcome based skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood. As they are the future of country it is very important that they have a job or they are doing something productive. It will also eradicate unemployment. There are many reasons for a country like India to invest in the skill development of the youth.
- It will eradicate unemployment and poverty.
- Increasing capacity & capability of existing system to ensure equitable access to all.
- It will promote lifelong learning, maintaining quality and relevance, according to changing requirement particularly of emerging knowledge economy.
- It will channelize the vast potential of indigenous man power.
- It will transform India into a diversified and internationally-competitive economy.
On July 15, 2015 to enable Indian economy and industry to benefit from the country’s young work force Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched
- National Skill Development Mission
- National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (Prime Minister Skill Development Scheme)
- Rural India Skill
- Skill Loan Scheme
Though government of India is taking initiative, alone it cannot accomplish this task. It calls for a concerted effort of government, private players and NGOs to address the issue in a comprehensive manner. We need to focus on the skill development of the youth as it is one of the essential element of India’s future economic growth. It will play a defining element in India’s growth story. As aptly quoted by Nelson Mandela -“The youth of today are the leaders of tomorrow”.