India still has a long way to go before attaining gender equality, as seen by the country’s lopsided sex ratio of 940 girls to every 1000 males. Unfortunately, a girl child is frequently considered as a “burden” to be passed on. Given the dominating impact of patriarchal ideals, many girls experience gender inequity, stereotypes, and poorer treatment as compared to males.
The girl kid frequently ends up on the short end of the stick, regardless of how brilliant and motivated she is. Many girls are kept at home and not sent to school out of fear of exploitation and sexual abuse, only to be married off at an early age of their life.
First and foremost, there is survival
Despite regulations that forbid selective abortion and sex-determining of a foetus, this practise persists in secret. This has an adverse effect on both the mother’s health and safety as well as the number of females delivered. The physical and emotional health of a woman suffers when she has many pregnancies in the hopes of having a boy since she is held responsible for the baby’s sex. Improved knowledge, stricter enforcement, and oversight of the legislation are necessary to ensure the survival of the female child.
Obstacles to obtaining an excellent education
Statistics from U-DISE 2015-16 show that 4.10% of girls leave primary school and 16.88% school in secondary school. Numerous teenage girls have a tendency to become irregular in their attendance at school or drop out before finishing their education because of outdated attitudes toward girls’ education, safety concerns, the distance between home and school, the cost of sanitary products, the lack of separate, functional restrooms, and the poor school infrastructure.
Then comes the horror of child marriage. Girls who marry young lose their childhood because they must assume adult responsibilities for which they are unprepared, such as running families, having children, making decisions, etc. In addition to impeding her academic progress, it also encourages young girls to become pregnant at an early age, which is bad for both the mother, a teen, and her unborn child’s nutrition and health.
Safety worries, and inadequate school facilities
Young females are a primary target and frequently suffer from abuse and bullying, which frequently goes undetected. Rural parents are reluctant to send their girls to school, worried about their security.
Numerous young girls of menstrual age fall behind in their academics due to severe taboos, a lack of accessible, inexpensive sanitary products, a lack of quality, working restrooms, and poor school facilities.
Why are girls not given the proper education?
Girls in our culture are not receiving the proper education because of a number of circumstances.
- Neglecting girls’ health and wellbeing
- Parents and guardians who lack literacy are particularly ignorant of the value of education for females
- Financial limitations come in many forms and affect schooling
- A teenage girl performs a number of household chores and work to provide for their family
How can we guarantee that young girls get an education?
- To guarantee that their children, especially their daughters, attend school, parents and the community must both recognise the value of girl child’s education and be encouraged to do so. For instance, Scholarship programs for girl children should be encouraged.
- By removing representations of girls and women in media and advertising that are demeaning, obscene and vulgar for the society.
- Mothers must receive training on how to impart academic knowledge to their daughters as well as how to develop hygienic health practices.
How is Smile Foundation making an impact
Through its different programmes, the Smile Foundation is dedicated to empowering young girls and spreading awareness about education in India.
Smile Foundation organises counselling sessions for parents to make them recognise the advantages of educating their daughters. Girls and women are often instructed on the necessity and value of maintaining good personal hygiene. To lessen sex-selective prejudice, moms participate in special sessions. Male family members are educated to support their female family members in continuing their education. Young girls receive training in being self-assured, confident, and future leaders of their country.